Rev. Ruling 70-14
Advice has been requested as to whether materials relating to a product promotion game could be associated with packages of tobacco products. The game contemplates distribution of prizes to contestants who successfully present the correct answers to a puzzle, with a similar run-off puzzle if more than a certain number of contestants successfully solve the first puzzle. All winners of the one run-off puzzle would win a prize, regardless of the number of successful contestants. All winners would be awarded identical prizes. Purchase of packages of the tobacco products would be necessary to obtain some of the materials necessary to participate in the game.
Section 5723(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 reads as follows:
Lottery features.- No certificate, coupon, or other device purporting to be or to represent a ticket, chance, share, or an interest in, or dependent on, the event of a lottery shall be contained in, attached to, or stamped, marked, written, or printed on any package of tobacco products or cigarette papers or tubes.
A lottery is generally considered to include three essential elements: (1) consideration, (2) prize, and (3) chance. FCC v. American Broadcasting Co., 347 U.S. 284 (1954). The first two elements are clearly present in the proposed game. However, after careful study it has been determined that the game is not a lottery because it is so designed that neither the winner nor the size of the prize is dependent upon chance. Knowledge obtained by skillful research is necessary to solve the puzzle(s) and all winners are awarded identical prizes. Further, the game does not directly or by implication purport to be a lottery.
It is held, therefore, that materials relating to this game are not prohibited by section 5723(c) of the Code from being associated with packages of tobacco products.
26 U.S.C. 5723; 27 CFR 270.211
Note: This Rev. Ruling 70-14 amplified by Rev. Rul. 70-389.