All imported beverages must be imported through legitimate channels and accompanied by legitimate import documents and carry a Vietnam compliance certification stamp. Pre-approval is not mandatory but all products are subject to examination and testing prior to release and must receive a clearance certificate at Customs entry. Products may be released untested but could be tested later. The label with the mandatory information in Vietnamese may be separately placed on an existing bottle but the display panel must be shown so that consumers can easily and clearly see them in a normal goods display condition. Labels are required to be accurate, truthful, and non-misleading. Please note that the label must meet these requirements prior to importation. The following information must be present on the label, in Vietnamese. For specifics, the Decree No. 89/2006/ND-CP of August 30, 2006, On Labeling of Goods is readily available on the internet. The Ministry of Science and Technology has the primary responsibility for coordinating with the other ministries in amending and supplementing compulsory content of labeled goods.
- Name/brand of product
- Producer/Distributor/Importer (Name and address)
- Country of origin
- Quantity or Net volume (ml)
- Alcohol content (%): The alcohol statement should be in the ‘Alcoholic strength xx.x% vol’ format.
- Instructions on preservation (wine only)
- Commercial invoice
- Purchase and sale Contracts or equivalent
- Customs Value Declaration/Registration for Inspection form
- Freight Insurance/documents
- Bill of Lading
- Packing List
- Certificate of Origin
The Ministry of Industry and Trade is the competent authority in charge of licensing for producing domestically, selling, or importing alcoholic products. An application must be submitted and foreign entities are allowed to be partners or owners and operate within the country. However, the enterprise must be organized, established, and approved under existing laws and regulations of Vietnam. A foreign company must appoint an in-country authorized agent or distributor. Goods that meet the minimum standards can be imported upon demand and in unlimited quantity and value. The Ministry does have an English based website. Please see the link below.
There are various U.S. agencies in Vietnam which provide those interested in exporting to the Vietnamese market with useful country information. The Office of Agricultural Affairs in Ho Chi Minh City, provides market information, market development support and a wide variety of activities designed to strengthen distribution channels for U.S. agricultural products (e.g. wine). The US Embassy in Vietnam’s website is a good place to start for those interested in seeking market advice and contacts. Please refer to the Contacts Section below if you are interested in reaching any of these offices.
Import Commodity Inspection:
Imported goods are subject to inspection and must be in compliance with the National Technical Regulation on Food Safety for Alcoholic Beverages (QCVN..:2010/BYT) and labeled per Decree N0.86/2006/ND-CP of August 30, 2006, On labeling of Goods (Ministry of Science and Technology). Alcohol in bottles must also have a customs stamp prior to release per Circular No. 91/2003/TT-BTC dated September 25, 2003 of the Ministry of Finance guiding the affixation of import stamp.
The Vietnam Directorate for Standards and Quality (STAMEQ) is responsible for setting industry standards and testing the products. Vietnam’s National Standards (TCVN’s) and regulations can be found and purchased from their website.
TCVN 7042:2002 Draught beer. Specification
TCVN 7042:2009 Draught beer. Specification
TCVN 7043:2002 Distilled alcohol beverages. Specification
TCVN 7043:2009 White spirit. Specification
TCVN 7044:2002 Liqueur. Specification
TCVN 7044:2009 Liqueur. Specification
TCVN 7045:2002 Wine. Specification
TCVN 7045:2009 Wine. Specification
The Ministry of Health, Vietnam Food Administration sets the technical limits and requirements for raw ingredients and food processing. It sets the specifications for chemical and microbiological parameters, heavy metals, food additives, and labeling.
Samples: You are allowed to send samples for use in fairs and exhibitions, gifts, personal effects, etc. They do not have to meet labeling requirements. Taxes and tariffs will still be collected for amounts over the duty free amount of 1.5 to 3 liters, commodity specific.
Before finding the tariff amount for a particular product, companies need to identify the harmonized tariff schedule number for their product. The harmonized tariff schedule number can be located by using the Census Bureau's Schedule B search engine or by speaking with commodity expert at 1-800-549-0595.
After identifying the harmonized tariff number, The U.S. government provides a database that U.S. exporters may use to identify import tariffs applied by nearly 50 countries. Vietnam’s tariff rates may also be found on http://tariffdata.wto.org/ located on the World Trade Organization Website or Vietnam’s own tariff search at http://www.customs.gov.vn/English/Lists/Tariff/Search.aspx and Department of Commerce's Market Access and Compliance Tariff Schedule.
Tax rates, Tariffs, and Duties: Alcohol beverages from the US are subject to a special Most Favored Nation (MFN) Tariff, Value added Tax (VAT), and Consumption Tax and Excise taxes. The rates are applied based on the value and type of commodity and are implemented by the Ministry of Finance. The rates are subject to change but Vietnam Customs has the “Customs Advice Support Online” where you can ask, in English, for the tax rates and duties for your specific product. Or, you can search the rate on their website by using your harmonized tariff number. http://www.customs.gov.vn
AHTN 2007 Codes (4 digits): Beer 22.03, Wines 22.04, 22.05 Vermouth, 22.06 Other Fermented Beverages, 22.07-Undenatured Alcohol 80% by volume or greater, 22.08 Undenatured Alcohol less than 80% by volume
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam does not have a dedicated agency that specifically monitors the alcohol industry that is similar to TTB. It is highly recommended that U.S. exporters verify the full set of import requirements with their foreign customers, who are normally best equipped to research such matters with local authorities, before any goods are shipped.
Ministry of Industry and Trade
U.S. Foreign Agricultural Service
Ministry of Science and Technology
Embassy of Vietnam
Vietnam Directorate for Standards and Quality (STAMEQ)
Ministry of Health
Vietnam Food Administration
135 Nui Truc
Ba Dinh District
Tel: 84-4 62732273
Fax: 84-4 38464051
Most of the information in this guide was obtained from direct contact with various governmental organizations and embassies, as well as online sources. Any FAS Attaché reports can be found at:
The information in this guide was obtained from external sources, including the websites of various governmental agencies and organizations, direct contact with those agencies and organizations, and from Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) Attaché reports. Consequently, the accuracy of this information depends upon the accuracy of the sources.
TTB is not responsible for the content of external websites.
Created September 1, 2010