Material  Relevant FEMA Numbers * Reference Current Limit Food category and/or Use
Acacia - Gum Arabic  2001 21CFR172.780 20.0% Alcoholic Beverages; Function: Thickener, emulsifier, or stabilizer
Acetic Acid 2006 21CFR184.1005   0.15% All other food categories
Aconitic Acid 2010 21CFR184.1007 0.002% Alcoholic Beverages
Adipic Acid 2011 21CFR184.1009 0.02% All other food categories
Agar-agar 2012 21CFR184.1115 .25% All other food categories
Ammonium Alginate 2015 21CFR184.1133 0.1% All other food categories
Artemisia (Wormwood) 3114, 3115, 3116 21 CFR172.510 Finished Food Thujone Free Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Bakers Yeast Extract   21CFR184.1983 5% The ingredient is used as a flavoring agent and adjuvant as defined in 21 CFR170.3(o)(12) at a level not to exceed 5 percent in food.
Beeswax Yellow & White 2126 21CFR184.1973 0.002% All other food categories
Benzoic Acid 2131 21CFR184.1021 0.1% The ingredient is used as a flavoring agent and adjuvant as defined in 21 CFR170.3(o)(12) at a level not to exceed 0.1 percent in food.
BHA 2183 21CFR182.3169  0.02% of fat or oil content This substance is generally recognized as safe for use in food when the total content of antioxidants is not over 0.02 percent of fat or oil content, including essential (volatile) oil content of food, provided the substance is used in accordance with good manufacturing practice.
21CFR172.515 0.5% of the essential (volatile) oil content BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) may be used as an antioxidant in flavoring substances whereby the additive does not exceed 0.5 percent of the essential (volatile) oil content of the flavoring substance.
BHT (edible fats &  oils) 2184 21CFR182.3173 0.02% of fat or oil content This substance is generally recognized as safe for use in food when the total content of antioxidants is not over 0.02 percent of fat or oil content, including essential (volatile) oil content of food, provided the substance is used in accordance with good manufacturing practice.
Almond, bitter 2046 21CFR182.20 free from prussic acid Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates) that are generally recognized as safe for their intended use.
Brominated Vegetable Oil - BVO   21CFR180.30 15 ppm in the finished fruit flavored beverage The additive complies with specifications prescribed in the Food Chemicals Codex, 3d Ed. (1981), pp. 40-41, which is incorcorpated by reference, except that the free fatty acids (as oleic) shall not exceed 2.5 percent and iodine value shall not exceed 16. b. The additive is used on an interim basis as a stabilizer for flavoring oils used in fruit-flavored beverages, for which any applicable standards of identity do not preclude such use, in an amount not to exceed 15 parts per million in the finished beverage.
Calcium Acetate 2228 21CFR184.1185 0.0001% All other food categories
Calcium Alginate 2015 21CFR184.1187 0.4% Alcoholic Beverages
Calcium Chloride   21CFR184.1193 0.05% All other food categories
Calcium Sulfate   21CFR184.1230 0.07% All other food categories
Camphor Tree 2231 21CFR172.510 Safrole free Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Caprylic Acid 2799 21CFR184.1025 0.001% All other food categories
Cedar, White (Arborvitae) Leaves & Twigs 2267 21CFR172.510 Finished Food Thujone Free Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Cherry Pits 2278 21CFR172.510 25 ppm prussic acid Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Cherry - Laurel Leaves 2277 21CFR172.510 25 ppm prussic acid Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Cinchona, Red & Yellow Bark 2281, 2282, 2283, 2284, 2285 21 CFR172.510 In beverages only: not more than 83 ppm total cinchona alkaloids in finished beverage  Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Corn Silk & Corn Silk Extract 2335 21CFR184.1262 4 ppm All other food categories
Dithiols -   FEMA 1 ppm Total added to any food not to exceed 1.0 ppm
2,3-butanedithiol 3477
1,2-ethanedithiol  3484
1,9-nonanedithiol 3513
Calcium Disodium EDTA (ethylene-diaminetetraacetate)   21CFR172.120 25 ppm Distilled alcoholic beverages; Use: Promote stability of color, flavor, and/or product clarity
Elder Tree Leaves   21CFR172.510 25 ppm prussic acid in the flavor Alcoholic beverages only;  Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Ester Gum (Glycerol Ester of Wood Rosin)    21CFR172.735 100 ppm of the finished beverage It is used to adjust the density of citrus oils used in the preparation of beverages whereby the amount of the additive does not exceed 100 parts per million of the finished beverage.
Ethyl Formate 2434 21CFR184.1295 0.01% All other food categories
Guar Gum 2537 21CFR184.1339 .5% All other food categories
Gum Ghatti 2519 21CFR184.1333 .1% All other food categories
Gum Tragacanth 3079 21CFR184.1351 .1% All other food categories
Karaya Gum 2605 21CFR184.1349 0.002% All other food categories
Licorice and Licorice Derivates as Glycyrrhizin 2628, 2629, 2630 21CFR184.1408 0.1% Alcoholic beverages
Locust (carob) bean gum 2648 21CFR184.1343 .5% All other food categories
Malic Acid 2655 21CFR184.1069 0.7% All other food categories
Mannitol   21CFR180.25 2.5% All other food categories
Methylparaben 2710 21CFR184.1490 0.1% The ingredient is used as an antimicrobial agent as defined in 21 CFR170.3(o)(2) in a maximum level of 0.1 percent in food.
Oak Moss 2795 21CFR172.510 Finished Food Thujone Free Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Oil of Rue 2995 21CFR184.1699 4 ppm All other food categories
Peach Leaves   21CFR172.510 25 ppm prussic acid in the flavor Alcoholic beverages only; Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Potassium Alginate   21CFR184.1610 0.01% All other food categories
Propylene Glycol 2940 21CFR184.1666 5 % Alcoholic Beverages
Propylparaben 2951 21CFR184.1670 0.1% The ingredient is used as an antimicrobial agent as defined in 21 CFR170.3(o)(2) in a maximum level of 0.1 percent in food.
Quinine, as the hydrochloride salt or sulfate salt 2975, 2976, 2977 21CFR172.575 83 ppm, as quinine In carbonated beverages as a flavor
Rue 2994 21CFR184.1698 2 ppm All categories of food
Sassafras Leaves 3010, 3011 21CFR172.510 Safrole free Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Sodium Alginate 2015 21CFR184.1724 1.0% All other food categories
Sodium Aluminosilicate   21CFR182.2727 2% Use: Anticaking agent
Sodium Benzoate 3025 21CFR184.1733 0.1% The ingredient is used as an antimicrobial agent as defined in 21 CFR170.3(o)(2) and as a flavoring agent and adjuvant as defined in 21 CFR170.3(o)(12) at a level not to exceed 0.1 percent in food.
Sodium Calcium Aluminosilicate Hydrated   21CFR182.2729 2% Use: Anticaking agent
Sodium Thiosulfate   21CFR184.1807 0.00005% Alcoholic beverages
Sorbitol 3029 21CFR184.1835 12% All other foods; Many uses 
St. Johnswort Leaves, Flowers & Caulis   21CFR172.510 Hypericin-free  Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors. Hypericin-free alcohol distillate form only; in alcoholic beverages only
Stannous chloride (anhydrous and dihydrated)   21CFR184.1845 0.0015 % calculated as tin All food categories
Sucrose Acetate Isobutyrate (SAIB)   21CFR172.833 300 mg/kg of the finished beverage The total SAIB content of a beverage containing the additive does not exceed 300 milligrams/kilogram of the finished beverage.
Sulfuric Acid   21CFR184.1095 0.014% Alcoholic beverages
Tagetes (marigold) 3040 21CFR172.510 As oil only Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Tannic Acid 3042 21CFR184.1097 0.015% Alcoholic beverages
Tansy   21CFR172.510 finished alcoholic beverage thujone free Alcoholic beverages only; Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
Woodruff, Sweet   21CFR172.510   Alcoholic beverages only; Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
  ATF Ruling 74-10 5 ppm coumarin may wine
Yarrow 3117 21CFR172.510 finished beverage thujone free Beverages only; Natural flavoring substance or natural substance used in conjunction with flavors.
 
* For more information on the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association of the United States (FEMA) GRAS program, visit:  http://www.femaflavor.org/gras.